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International Law and Export Controls of Digital Dual-Use-Items

  • Digital technologies often have a dual-use nature, which means they can be used for both civil and military purposes. For instance, object recognition software can be used for auto-nomous civil driving or for autonomous targeting within armed drones. Thus, their uncon-trolled proliferation may pose risks to international peace and security. Generally, export controls aim to mitigate these risks while avoiding unreasonable restrictions on global trade and development. The novelty of digital dual-use items and the dynamics of their transfer pose new challenges for the international export control system and raise critical legal questions under international law. Does international law hold export control rules that sufficiently address the broad spectrum of relevant digital dual-use items and their rapid technological advancement? Furthermore, how do these rules treat the digital transfer of such items? The presentation aims to answer these questions by, first, carving out the relevant inter-national export control rules. Secondly, the application of these rules to the digital dual-use items and their international transfer is analyzed. Finally, to the extent that the applicability is affirmed, the presentation will examine the international export control law’s requirements to the international transfer of digital dual-use items.

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Author:Roland Klein
Document Type:Public lecture
Year of Completion:2021
Date of first Publication:2021/11/29
Publishing Institution:Deutsches Forschungsinstitut für öffentliche Verwaltung
Contributing Corporation:Amsterdam Center for International Law
Release Date:2021/12/13
Tag:dual-use; export control; international law; international peace and security; non-proliferation
GND Keyword:Exportkontrolle; Friedenssicherung; Nonproliferation; Technologie; Völkerrecht
Documents ordered by discipline (DDC classification):300 Sozialwissenschaften / 340 Recht
Access Rights:Frei zugänglich
Licence (German):License LogoUrhG – es gilt deutsches Urheberrecht